Fishing: How the Sea Fed Civilization

Humanity’s last major source of food from the wild, and how it enabled and shaped the growth of civilization In this history of fishing—not as sport but as sustenance—archaeologist and best-selling author Brian Fagan argues that fishing was an indispensable and often overlooked element in the growth of civilization.

. Yale. It frequently required a search for new and better fishing grounds; its technologies, facilitated movement and discovery; and fish themselves, nutritious, and long-lasting—for traders, were the ideal food—lightweight, centered on boats, when dried and salted, travelers, and conquering armies.

Where agriculture encouraged stability, fishing demanded movement. This history of the long interaction of humans and seafood tours archaeological sites worldwide to show readers how fishing fed human settlement, the development of cities, rising social complexity, and ultimately the modern world. It sustainably provided enough food to allow cities, and empires to grow, nations, but it did so with a different emphasis.


A Cold Welcome: The Little Ice Age and Europe's Encounter with North America

The average global temperature had dropped to lows unseen in millennia, droughts and famines, and its effects were stark and unpredictable: blizzards and deep freezes, and winters when even the Rio Grande froze. In a cold welcome, quebec, sam white tells the story of this crucial period in world history, from Europe’s earliest expeditions in an unfamiliar landscape to the perilous first winters at Santa Fe, and Jamestown.

Weaving together evidence from climatology, and the written historical record, archaeology, White describes how the severity and volatility of the Little Ice Age climate threatened to freeze and starve out the Europeans’ precarious new settlements. Lacking basic provisions and wholly unprepared to fend for themselves under such harsh conditions, Europeans suffered life-threatening privation, and their desperation precipitated violent conflict with Native Americans.

In the twenty-first century, as we confront an uncertain future from global warming, A Cold Welcome reminds us of the risks of a changing and unfamiliar climate. This period of climate change has come to be known as the Little Ice Age, and it played a decisive role in Europe’s encounter with the lands and peoples of North America.

When europeans first arrived in North America, they faced a cold new world.

Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States

Scott, then plants, subjects of the state, captives, were born of accumulations of domestications: first fire, livestock, and finally women in the patriarchal family—all of which can be viewed as a way of gaining control over reproduction. Scott explores why we avoided sedentism and plow agriculture, the advantages of mobile subsistence, the unforeseeable disease epidemics arising from crowding plants, animals, and grain, and why all early states are based on millets and cereal grains and unfree labor.

He also discusses the “barbarians” who long evaded state control, as a way of understanding continuing tension between states and nonsubject peoples. The first agrarian states, says James C. Yale University Press. An account of all the new and surprising evidence now available that contradicts the standard narrative for the beginnings of the earliest civilizations Why did humans abandon hunting and gathering for sedentary communities dependent on livestock and cereal grains, public order, law, to settle down and form agricultural villages, finally, and governed by precursors of today’s states? Most people believe that plant and animal domestication allowed humans, which made possible civilization, towns, and states, and a presumably secure way of living.

. But archaeological and historical evidence challenges this narrative.

The Fate of Rome: Climate, Disease, and the End of an Empire The Princeton History of the Ancient World

A sweeping new history of how climate change and disease helped bring down the Roman EmpireHere is the monumental retelling of one of the most consequential chapters of human history: the fall of the Roman Empire. Harper describes how the romans were resilient in the face of enormous environmental stress, until the besieged empire could no longer withstand the combined challenges of a “little ice age” and recurrent outbreaks of bubonic plague.

A poignant reflection on humanity’s intimate relationship with the environment, The Fate of Rome provides a sweeping account of how one of history’s greatest civilizations encountered and endured, yet ultimately succumbed to the cumulative burden of nature’s violence. Yale University Press. The example of rome is a timely reminder that climate change and germ evolution have shaped the world we inhabit―in ways that are surprising and profound.

The fate of rome is the first book to examine the catastrophic role that climate change and infectious diseases played in the collapse of Rome’s power―a story of nature’s triumph over human ambition. Interweaving a grand historical narrative with cutting-edge climate science and genetic discoveries, climate instability, solar cycles, Kyle Harper traces how the fate of Rome was decided not just by emperors, and barbarians but also by volcanic eruptions, soldiers, and devastating viruses and bacteria.

Princeton. He takes readers from rome’s pinnacle in the second century, when the empire seemed an invincible superpower, to its unraveling by the seventh century, when Rome was politically fragmented and materially depleted.

The Little Ice Age: How Climate Made History 1300-1850

Basic Books AZ. This is a fascinating book for anyone interested in history, climate, and how they interact. Yale University Press. Princeton. Renowned archaeologist brian fagan shows how the increasing cold influenced familiar events, from Norse exploration to the settlement of North America to the Industrial Revolution.

From renowned archeologist brian fagan, unpredictable, the classic history of how climate change transformed Europe and the worldThe Little Ice Age tells the story of the turbulent, and often very cold years of modern European history, revealing how the 500-year cold snap that began in the fourteenth century affected historical events and what it means for today's global warming.


The Great Quake: How the Biggest Earthquake in North America Changed Our Understanding of the Planet

Earthquake – the second most powerful in world history – struck the young state of Alaska. The violent shaking, followed by massive tsunamis, devastated the southern half of the state and killed more than 130 people. A day later, george Plafker, a geologist with the U. S. Yale University Press. Basic Books AZ.

At 5:36 p. M. On march 27, 1964, a magnitude 9. 2. New york times book review editors' choicein the bestselling tradition of erik larson’s isaac’s storm, The Great Quake is a riveting narrative about the biggest earthquake in North American recorded history -- the 1964 Alaska earthquake that demolished the city of Valdez and swept away the island village of Chenega -- and the geologist who hunted for clues to explain how and why it took place.

Princeton. Geological Survey, arrived to investigate. His fascinating scientific detective work in the months that followed helped confirm the then-controversial theory of plate tectonics. In a compelling tale about the almost unimaginable brute force of nature, New York Times science journalist Henry Fountain combines history and science to bring the quake and its aftermath to life in vivid detail.

With deep, often in the company of george plafker, on-the-ground reporting from Alaska, Fountain shows how the earthquake left its mark on the land and its people -- and on science.

Inheritors of the Earth: How Nature Is Thriving in an Age of Extinction

This eye-opening book is a profound reexamination of the relationship between humanity and the natural world. Ultimately, he suggests that if life on Earth can recover from the asteroid that killed off the dinosaurs, it can survive the onslaughts of the technological age. But in inheritors of the earth, biologist Chris Thomas shows that this obscures a more hopeful truth--we're also helping nature grow and change.

Human activity has irreversibly changed the natural environment. Most remarkably, thomas shows, humans may well have raised the rate at which new species are formed to the highest level in the history of our planet. Drawing on the success stories of diverse species, from the ochre-colored comma butterfly to the New Zealand pukeko, Thomas overturns the accepted story of declining biodiversity on Earth.

In so doing, he questions why we resist new forms of life, and why we see ourselves as unnatural. Yale University Press. Basic Books AZ. Princeton. Human cities and mass agriculture have created new places for enterprising animals and plants to live, and our activities have stimulated evolutionary change in virtually every population of living species.

But the news isn't all bad.

The Taste of Empire: How Britain's Quest for Food Shaped the Modern World

Told through twenty meals over the course of 450 years, how the east India Company turned opium into tea, Collingham explains how Africans taught Americans how to grow rice, from the Far East to the New World, and how Americans became the best-fed people in the world. Yale University Press. Princeton. Basic Books AZ.

In the taste of empire, collingham masterfully shows that only by examining the history of Great Britain's global food system, from sixteenth-century Newfoundland fisheries to our present-day eating habits, can we fully understand our capitalist economy and its role in making our modern diets. A history of the british empire told through twenty meals eaten around the worldIn The Taste of Empire, acclaimed historian Lizzie Collingham tells the story of how the British Empire's quest for food shaped the modern world.


The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World

An accomplishment of both great sweep and illuminating detail,  The Sea and Civilization is a stunning work of history. A monumental retelling of world history through the lens of the sea—revealing in breathtaking depth how people first came into contact with one another by ocean and river, and entire cultures spread across and along the world’s waterways, and how goods, lake and stream, religions, languages, bringing together civilizations and defining what makes us most human.

The sea and civilization is a mesmerizing, rhapsodic narrative of maritime enterprise, from the origins of long-distance migration to the great seafaring cultures of antiquity; from Song Dynasty human-powered paddle-boats to aircraft carriers and container ships. Lincoln paine takes the reader on an intellectual adventure casting the world in a new light, in which the sea reigns supreme.

Vintage Books. Yale University Press. Basic Books AZ. Above all, paine makes clear how the rise and fall of civilizations can be linked to the sea. Princeton.

Capitalism without Capital: The Rise of the Intangible Economy

For the first time, buildings, and software, than in tangible assets, like machinery, like design, branding, R&D, the major developed economies began to invest more in intangible assets, and computers. Basic Books AZ. Yale University Press. Vintage Books. Princeton. For all sorts of businesses, from tech firms and pharma companies to coffee shops and gyms, the ability to deploy assets that one can neither see nor touch is increasingly the main source of long-term success.

But this is not just a familiar story of the so-called new economy. The rise of intangible investment is, Jonathan Haskel and Stian Westlake argue, an underappreciated cause of phenomena from economic inequality to stagnating productivity. Haskel and westlake bring together a decade of research on how to measure intangible investment and its impact on national accounts, showing the amount different countries invest in intangibles, how this has changed over time, and the latest thinking on how to assess this.

Capitalism without capital shows that the growing importance of intangible assets has also played a role in some of the big economic changes of the last decade. The first comprehensive account of the growing dominance of the intangible economyEarly in the twenty-first century, a quiet revolution occurred.

They explore the unusual economic characteristics of intangible investment, and discuss how these features make an intangible-rich economy fundamentally different from one based on tangibles. Capitalism without capital concludes by presenting three possible scenarios for what the future of an intangible world might be like, portfolios, investors, and policymakers can exploit the characteristics of an intangible age to grow their businesses, and by outlining how managers, and economies.

Four Fish: The Future of the Last Wild Food

Yale University Press. Just three decades ago, nearly everything we ate from the sea was wild. Basic Books AZ. Today, rampant overfishing and an unprecedented biotech revolution have brought us to a point where wild and farmed fish occupy equal parts of a complex marketplace. Penguin Books. Vintage Books. A necessary book for anyone truly interested in what we take from the sea to eat, and how, and why.

Sam sifton, the New York Times Book Review. Princeton. Acclaimed author of american catch and the omega Princple and life-long fisherman, sea bass, examining the four fish that dominate our menus: salmon, cod, Paul Greenberg takes us on a journey, and tuna. Investigating the forces that get fish to our dinner tables, Greenberg reveals our damaged relationship with the ocean and its inhabitants.

Four fish offers a way for us to move toward a future in which healthy and sustainable seafood is the rule rather than the exception.